When selecting carpet, choosing the right color is often the most difficult part of the process. Most people choose neutral colors such as beige, taupe, gray and even off white because they blend with any decor. Carpets in bold colors like burgundy, deep, rich browns, regal blues and even multi-colored patterns are not uncommon either. The interesting thing is that the color itself is not what protects a carpet from stains. How the color is dyed is what really matters! When you know how your carpet was colored, you can make more informed cleaning and spot treatment choices.
Extrusion and Coloration
Many carpets are created through extrusion. This is the process of melting plastic balls of certain colors, then extruding the liquid through small holes to create strands. When the color goes all through the thread, it’s called “solution dyeing”. This creates the most colorfast carpets which are highly resistant to fading and bleaching. These carpets, polyester and Olefin, are not very absorbent so they are highly stain resistant.
Fiber & Yarn Dyeing
Sometimes material is extruded, turned into rough fibers, before color is applied. Then various methods are used to apply dye to these fibers before they are spun into yarn. This type of dyeing provides great color penetration but it’s expensive. It’s typically used on wool and other high end fabrics. If the fiber is spun into yarn, then dyed, this is yarn dyeing, a common way that multiple colors of fibers are woven into carpet to make a variety of patterns.
Print and Continuous Dyeing
In print dyeing the carpet is made without color variety. Then, dyes are sprayed or painted on the carpet using stencils.
Continuous dyeing is the most common technique. After the yarns have been stitched into the backing material, the carpet passes through jets that spray hot dye into the yarn. This is the fastest and most cost-effective way to dye carpet.
How Do You Keep Your Carpet Looking Good?
The dyeing process of a carpet determines how it resists color loss, fading and bleaching. An experienced cleaning company will know what chemicals and processes to use in order to get the best cleaning and maintenance results from a particular carpet. Using the wrong cleaning agents or process could result in fading, loss of luster and other issues. To maintain your carpets, be sure to have them cleaned by B/P Carpet & Upholstery Cleaning!